Prof. Dr. Jürgen Döllner
Amir Semmo



Tel.: +49-(0)331 5509-3909
Fax: +49-(0)331 5509-172
Room: H-2.26
E-Mail: amir.semmo(at)hpi.de

Research Interests

Non-Photorealistic Rendering (NPR)
Real-Time Rendering & Shading
Computational Aesthetics
Cartographic Design
Virtual 3D City Models


Image Stylization by Interactive Oil Paint Filtering

Semmo, Amir and Limberger, Daniel and Kyprianidis, Jan Eric and Döllner, Jürgen
Computers & Graphics, vol. 55:157–171 2016

DOI: 10.1016/j.cag.2015.12.001


This paper presents an interactive system for transforming images into an oil paint look. The system comprises two major stages. First, it derives dominant colors from an input image for feature-aware recolorization and quantization to conform with a global color palette. Afterwards, it employs non-linear filtering based on the smoothed structure adapted to the main feature contours of the quantized image to synthesize a paint texture in real-time. Our filtering approach leads to homogeneous outputs in the color domain and enables creative control over the visual output, such as color adjustments and per-pixel parametrizations by means of interactive painting. To this end, our system introduces a generalized brush-based painting interface that operates within parameter spaces to locally adjust the level of abstraction of the filtering effects. Several results demonstrate the various applications of our filtering approach to different genres of photography.

BibTeX file

author = { Semmo, Amir and Limberger, Daniel and Kyprianidis, Jan Eric and D{\"o}llner, J{\"u}rgen },
title = { Image Stylization by Interactive Oil Paint Filtering },
pages = { 157--171 },
year = { 2016 },
journal = { Computers \& Graphics },
volume = { 55 }

Copyright Notice

last change: Tue, 29 Mar 2016 15:09:14 +0200


  • An Interaction Framework for Level-of-Abstraction Visualization of 3D Geovirtual Environments - held at ACM SIGSPATIAL MapInteract 2014, Dallas, TX - USA (11/2014)
  • Image Filtering for Interactive Level-of-Abstraction Visualization of 3D Scenes - held at Expressive 2014, Vancouver - Canada (08/2014)
  • Evaluating the Perceptual Impact of Rendering Techniques on Thematic Color Mappings in 3D Virtual Environments - held at VMV 2013, Lugano - Switzerland (09/2013)
  • Real-Time Rendering of Water Surfaces with Cartography-Oriented Design - held at Expressive 2013, Anaheim, CA - USA (07/2013)
  • Cartography-Oriented Visualization of Virtual 3D City Models based on Level-of-Abstraction Transitions - held at HPI Research School, Potsdam - Germany (06/2012)
  • Interactive Visualization of Generalized Virtual 3D City Models using Level-of-Abstraction Transitions - held at EuroVis 2012, Vienna - Austria (06/2012)
  • Colonia3D - held at Kultur und Informatik Conference, Berlin - Germany (05/2011)
  • Ansätze zur kartographischen Gestaltung von 3D-Stadtmodellen - held at 31. Wissenschaftlich-Technische Jahrestagung der DGPF, Mainz - Germany (04/2011)
  • Automated Image-Based Abstraction of Aerial Images - held at AGILE Conference, Guimarães - Portugal (05/2010)


  • SoSe 2014: Seminar Image & Video Processing
    (with Sebastian Pasewaldt, Matthias Trapp)
  • WiSe 2013/14: Seminar Geovisualization
    (with Rico Richter)
  • SoSe 2013: Graphics Programming with OpenGL and C++
    (with Daniel Limberger, Stefan Buschmann)
  • WiSe 2012/13: Computergrafik II
    (with Daniel Limberger, Jürgen Döllner)
  • SoSe 2012: Exercises for 3D-Computergrafik I
    (with Jan Eric Kyprianidis, Matthias Trapp)
  • WiSe 2011/12: Exercises for Computergrafik II
    (with Matthias Trapp, Christine Lehmann, Jan Eric Kyprianidis)
  • WiSe 2011/12: Seminar Real-Time Rendering Techniques
    (with Rico Richter, Juri Engel)


  • ACM SIGGRAPH (2014)
  • Eurographics Conference on Visualization / EuroVis (2014)
  • IEEE Pacific Visualization (2013)
  • International Journal of Geographical Information Science (2013)
  • The Visual Computer (2012)