Hasso-Plattner-Institut
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Döllner
  
 

Publications

Neural Style Transfer: A Paradigm Shift for Image-based Artistic Rendering?

Semmo, Amir; Isenberg, Tobias; Döllner, Jürgen in Proceedings International Symposium on Non-Photorealistic Animation and Rendering Winnemöller, Holger; Bartram, Lyn ( Eds. ), page 5:1--5:13 . New York , ACM , 2017 .

In this meta paper we discuss image-based artistic rendering (IB-AR) based on neural style transfer (NST) and argue, while NST may represent a paradigm shift for IB-AR, that it also has to evolve as an interactive tool that considers the design aspects and mechanisms of artwork production. IB-AR received significant attention in the past decades for visual communication, covering a plethora of techniques to mimic the appeal of artistic media. Example-based rendering represents one the most promising paradigms in IB-AR to (semi-)automatically simulate artistic media with high fidelity, but so far has been limited because it relies on pre-defined image pairs for training or informs only low-level image features for texture transfers. Advancements in deep learning showed to alleviate these limitations by matching content and style statistics via activations of neural network layers, thus making a generalized style transfer practicable. We categorize style transfers within the taxonomy of IB-AR, then propose a semiotic structure to derive a technical research agenda for NSTs with respect to the grand challenges of NPAR. We finally discuss the potentials of NSTs, thereby identifying applications such as casual creativity and art production.
exp-meta2017_authors_version3_optimized.pdf
Further Information
Editor(s) Winnemöller, Holger; Bartram, Lyn
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