Prof. Dr. Jürgen Döllner
Amir Semmo



Tel.: +49-(0)331 5509-3909
Fax: +49-(0)331 5509-172
Room: H-2.26
Email: amir.semmo(at)hpi.de

Research Interests

Non-Photorealistic Rendering (NPR)
Real-Time Rendering & Shading
Computational Aesthetics
Cartographic Design
Virtual 3D City Models


Interactive Rendering and Stylization of Transportation Networks Using Distance Fields

Trapp, Matthias; Semmo, Amir; Döllner, Jürgen in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (GRAPP 2015) Seite 207-219 . 2015 .

Transportation networks, such as streets, railroads or metro systems, constitute primary elements in cartography for reckoning and navigation. In recent years, they have become an increasingly important part of 3D virtual environments for the interactive analysis and communication of complex hierarchical information, for example in routing, logistics optimization, and disaster management. A variety of rendering techniques have been proposed that deal with integrating transportation networks within these environments, but have so far neglected the many challenges of an interactive design process to adapt their spatial and thematic granularity (i.e., level-of-detail and level-of-abstraction) according to a user's context. This paper presents an efficient real-time rendering technique for the view-dependent rendering of geometrically complex transportation networks within 3D virtual environments. Our technique is based on distance fields using deferred texturing that shifts the design process to the shading stage for real-time stylization. We demonstrate and discuss our approach by means of street networks using cartographic design principles for context-aware stylization, including view-dependent scaling for clutter reduction, contour-lining to provide figure-ground, handling of street crossings via shading-based blending, and task-dependent colorization. Finally, we present potential usage scenarios and applications together with a performance evaluation of our implementation.
Weitere Informationen
Tags 3D_visualization cgs distance_fields image-based_rendering map_design shading transportation_networks


  • An Interaction Framework for Level-of-Abstraction Visualization of 3D Geovirtual Environments - held at ACM SIGSPATIAL MapInteract 2014, Dallas, TX - USA (11/2014)
  • Image Filtering for Interactive Level-of-Abstraction Visualization of 3D Scenes - held at Expressive 2014, Vancouver - Canada (08/2014)
  • Evaluating the Perceptual Impact of Rendering Techniques on Thematic Color Mappings in 3D Virtual Environments - held at VMV 2013, Lugano - Switzerland (09/2013)
  • Real-Time Rendering of Water Surfaces with Cartography-Oriented Design - held at Expressive 2013, Anaheim, CA - USA (07/2013)
  • Cartography-Oriented Visualization of Virtual 3D City Models based on Level-of-Abstraction Transitions - held at HPI Research School, Potsdam - Germany (06/2012)
  • Interactive Visualization of Generalized Virtual 3D City Models using Level-of-Abstraction Transitions - held at EuroVis 2012, Vienna - Austria (06/2012)
  • Colonia3D - held at Kultur und Informatik Conference, Berlin - Germany (05/2011)
  • Ansätze zur kartographischen Gestaltung von 3D-Stadtmodellen - held at 31. Wissenschaftlich-Technische Jahrestagung der DGPF, Mainz - Germany (04/2011)
  • Automated Image-Based Abstraction of Aerial Images - held at AGILE Conference, Guimarães - Portugal (05/2010)


  • SoSe 2014: Seminar Image & Video Processing
    (with Sebastian Pasewaldt, Matthias Trapp)
  • WiSe 2013/14: Seminar Geovisualization
    (with Rico Richter)
  • SoSe 2013: Graphics Programming with OpenGL and C++
    (with Daniel Limberger, Stefan Buschmann)
  • WiSe 2012/13: Computergrafik II
    (with Daniel Limberger, Jürgen Döllner)
  • SoSe 2012: Exercises for 3D-Computergrafik I
    (with Jan Eric Kyprianidis, Matthias Trapp)
  • WiSe 2011/12: Exercises for Computergrafik II
    (with Matthias Trapp, Christine Lehmann, Jan Eric Kyprianidis)
  • WiSe 2011/12: Seminar Real-Time Rendering Techniques
    (with Rico Richter, Juri Engel)


  • ACM SIGGRAPH (2014)
  • Eurographics Conference on Visualization / EuroVis (2014)
  • IEEE Pacific Visualization (2013)
  • International Journal of Geographical Information Science (2013)
  • The Visual Computer (2012)