Prof. Dr. Jürgen Döllner


Geospatial Annotations for 3D Environments and their WFS-based Implementation

Klimke, Jan and Döllner, Jürgen
In Painho, M. and Santos, M.Y. and Pundt, H., ed., Geospatial Thinking, of Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, pages 379-397, 2010 Springer.

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-12326-9_20


Collaborative geovisualization provides effective means to communicate spatial information among a group of users. Annotations as one key element of collaborative geovisualization systems enable comprehension of collaboration processes and support time-shifted communication. By annotations we refer to user-generated information such as remarks, comments, findings and any other information related to the 3D environment. They have to be efficiently modeled, stored and visualized while precisely retaining their spatial reference and creation context. Existing models for an-notations generally do not fully support spatial references and, therefore, do not fully take advantage of the spatial relationships associated with annotations. This paper presents a GML-based data model for geospatial annotations that explicitly incorporates spatial references and allows different types of annotations to be stored together with their context of creation. With this approach annotations can be represented as first-class spatial features. Consequently, annotations can be seamlessly integrated into their 3D environment and the author's original intention and message can be better expressed and understood. An OGC Web Feature Service is used as standardized interface for storage and retrieval of annotations, which assures data interoperability with existing geodata infrastructures. We have identi-fied three types of annotation subjects, namely geographic features, geometry, and scene views, represented by their corresponding 2D/3D geometry. The model also defines a point-based approximation for complex geometry, such that annotations can also be used by client application with limited abilities regarding display size, bandwidth or geometry handling. Furthermore we extended our model by annotations that can contain 3D geometry besides textual information. In this way the expressiveness of annotations can be further enhanced for communicating spatial relationships such as distances or arrangements of geographic features.

BibTeX file

author = { Klimke, Jan and Döllner, Jürgen },
title = { Geospatial Annotations for 3D Environments and their WFS-based Implementation },
booktitle = { Geospatial Thinking },
pages = { 379-397 },
year = { 2010 },
editor = { Painho, M. and Santos, M.Y. and Pundt, H. },
publisher = { Springer },
series = { Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography }

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last change: Tue, 23 Apr 2013 12:51:46 +0200