Towards Vulnerability Assessment as a Service in OpenStack Clouds
Torkura, Kennedy; Meinel, Christoph
Proceedings of the 41st IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN)
Efforts towards improving security in cloud infrastructures recommend regulatory compliance approaches such as HIPAA and PCI DSS. Similarly, vulnerability assessments are imperatives for fulfilling these regulatory compliance requirements. Nevertheless, conducting vulnerability assessments in cloud environments requires approaches different from those found in traditional computing. Factors such as multi-tenancy, elasticity, self-service and cloud-specific vulnerabilities must be considered. Furthermore, the Anything-as-a-Service model of the cloud stimulates security automation and user-intuitive services. In this paper, we tackle the challenge of efficient vulnerability assessments at the system level, in particular for core cloud applications.Within this scope, we focus on the use case of a cloud administrator. We believe the security of the underlying cloud software is crucial to the overall health of a cloud infrastructure since these are the foundations upon which other applications within the cloud function. We demonstrate our approach using OpenStack and through our experiments prove that our prototype implementation is effective at identifying “OpenStacknative” vulnerabilities. We also automate the process of identifying insecure configurations in the cloud and initiate steps for deploying Vulnerability Assessment-as-a-Service in OpenStack.