For bachelor students we offer German lectures on database systems in addition with paper- or project-oriented seminars. Within a one-year bachelor project students finalize their studies in cooperation with external partners. For master students we offer courses on information integration, data profiling, search engines and information retrieval enhanced by specialized seminars, master projects and advised master theses.
The Web Science group focuses on various topics related to the Web, such as Information Retrieval, Natural Language Processing, Data Mining, Knowledge Discovery, Social Network Analysis, Entity Linking, and Recommender Systems. The group is particularly interested in Text Mining to deal with the vast amount of unstructured and semi-structured information available on the Web.
Most of our research is conducted in the context of larger research projects, in collaboration across students, across groups, and across universities. We strive to make available most of our data sets and source code.
Combining several text collections into a joint, large dataset allows new applications and reveals connections between apparently unrelated documents. However, usual text mining approaches cannot deal with different document styles and collection-specific language use. In this project, we jointly model documents despite linguistic differences for various tasks, such as clustering, classification, recommendation, or retrieval. For example, we allow to measure document similarity on a semantic level across patents and scientific papers or newspaper articles and tweets.
Jointly Modeling Patents and Scientific Papers
Analyzing NIH Project Proposals and Funding
News and Tweets
Risch, J., Krestel, R.: What Should I Cite? Cross-Collection Reference Recommendation of Patents and Papers.Proceedings of the International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries (TPDL). pp. 40-46 (2017).
Research results manifest in large corpora of patents and scientific papers. However, both corpora lack a consistent taxonomy and references across different document types are sparse. Therefore, and because of contrastive, domain-specific language, recommending similar papers for a given patent (or vice versa) is challenging. We propose a hybrid recommender system that leverages topic distributions and key terms to recommend related work despite these challenges. As a case study, we evaluate our approach on patents and papers of two fields: medical and computer science. We find that topic-based recommenders complement term-based recommenders for documents with collection-specific language and increase mean average precision by up to 23%. As a result of our work, publications from both corpora form a joint digital library, which connects academia and industry.
Park, J., Blume-Kohout, M., Krestel, R., Nalisnick, E., Smyth, P.: Analyzing NIH Funding Patterns over Time with Statistical Text Analysis.Scholarly Big Data: AI Perspectives, Challenges, and Ideas (SBD 2016) Workshop at AAAI 2016. AAAI (2016).
In the past few years various government funding organizations such as the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the U.S. National Science Foundation have provided access to large publicly-available on-line databases documenting the grants that they have funded over the past few decades. These databases provide an excellent opportunity for the application of statistical text analysis techniques to infer useful quantitative information about how funding patterns have changed over time. In this paper we analyze data from the National Cancer Institute (part of National Institutes of Health) and show how text classification techniques provide a useful starting point for analyzing how funding for cancer research has evolved over the past 20 years in the United States.
Krestel, R., Werkmeister, T., Wiradarma, T.P., Kasneci, G.: Tweet-Recommender: Finding Relevant Tweets for News Articles.Proceedings of the 24th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW). ACM (2015).
Twitter has become a prime source for disseminating news and opinions. However, the length of tweets prohibits detailed descriptions, instead, tweets sometimes contain URLs that link to detailed news articles. In this paper, we devise generic techniques for recommending tweets for any given news article. To evaluate and compare the different techniques, we collected tens of thousands of tweets and news articles and conducted a user study on the relevance of recommendations.