Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bert Arnrich


Two Conference Papers Got Accepted in November!

We are happy to announce that two conference papers were accepted for publication in November

Choosing the Appropriate QRS Detector

Published at the 14th International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing (BIOSIGNALS 2021)

Jonas Chromik

QRS detectors are used as the most basic processing tool for ECG signals. Thus, there are many situations and signals with a wide range of characteristics in which they shall show great performance. Despite the expected versatility, most of the published QRS detectors are not tested on a diverse dataset. Using 14 databases, 10,000 heartbeats for each different heartbeat type were extracted to show that there are notable performance differences for the tested eight algorithms. Besides the analysis on heartbeat types, this paper also tests the noise resilience regarding different noise combinations. Each of the tested QRS detectors showed significant differences depending on heartbeat type and noise combination. This leads to the conclusion that before choosing a QRS detector,
one should consider its use case and test the detector on data representing it. For authors of QRS detectors, this means that every algorithm evaluation should employ a dataset that is as diverse as the one used in this paper to assess the QRS detector’s performance in an objective and unbiased manner.

Optimal Sensor Placement for Human Activity Recognition with a Minimal Smartphone–IMU Setup

Published at the 10th International Conference on Sensor Networks (SENSORNETS 2021)

Lin Zhou

Human Activity Recognition (HAR) of everyday activities using smartphones has been intensively researched over the past years. Despite the high detection performance, smartphones can not continuously provide reli- able information about the currently conducted activity as their placement at the subject’s body is uncertain. In this study, a system is developed that enables real-time collection of data from various Bluetooth inertial mea- surement units (IMUs) in addition to the smartphone. The contribution of this work is an extensive overview of related work in this field and the identification of unobtrusive, minimal combinations of IMUs with the smartphone that achieve high recognition performance. Eighteen young subjects with unrestricted mobility were recorded conducting seven daily-life activities with a smartphone in the pocket and five IMUs at different body positions. With a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for activity recognition, activity classification accuracy increased by up to 23% with one IMU additional to the smartphone. An overall prediction rate of 97% was reached with a smartphone in the pocket and an IMU at the ankle. This study demonstrated the potential that an additional IMU can improve the accuracy of smartphone-based HAR on daily-life activities.